– A Completely New Cancer Treatment to Be Tested in Patients with Soft Tissue Sarcoma –
Nanobiotix, a company developing novel cancer nanotherapeutics, announced today that its lead compound NBTXR3 has received the formal authorization from the French Medicine Agency, AFSSAPS, to start the first clinical trial.
27 patients diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma will be enrolled in the Phase I study and will receive NBTXR3 as an intra-tumoral injection with radiotherapy prior to surgery (first-line treatment) (www.clinicaltrial.gov). The primary endpoints of the clinical trial are the feasibility of NBTXR3 administration and safety. Preliminary data are expected by the end of 2012.
The trial is a prospective, open-label, dose-escalation, single arm, non-randomized trial. NBTXR3 will be administered to the patients prior to surgery by a single intra-tumoral injection followed by standard radiotherapy procedure. After completion of the regular treatment procedure, the patients will undergo surgery to resect the soft tissue sarcoma. Along with the safety and feasibility endpoints, the primary tumor tissue will then be available for the evaluation of the pathological response rate.
Further clinical trials are in preparation in Europe and in the US. NBTXR3 has been classified in the EU as class III medical device. In the US, it has been classified as a drug by the FDA.
NBTXR3, the most advanced compound of Nanobiotix´ NanoXray pipeline, is intended to enhance the local destruction of the tumor mass during radiotherapy. NBTXR3 is a nanoparticle consisting of hafnium oxide crystals. Once injected into the tumor, NBTXR3 accumulates in the cancer cells. Due to the physical properties of hafnium oxide, the particles emit huge amounts of electrons upon radiation. This leads to the formation of radicals within the tumor cell, which in turn damage the cancer cells and cause their targeted destruction. NBTXR3 particles are inert and emit electrons only during their exposure to radiotherapy. As a result, the destructive power of standard radiation therapy could be locally and selectively enhanced within the tumor cells.
Local treatment of malignant tumors is a cornerstone of cancer therapy. The standard treatments are surgery and radiotherapy, either as a stand-alone treatment or in combination. Radiotherapy has been widely used across most oncology indications for decades. About 50 to 60% of all cancer patients undergo radiotherapy treatment as part of existing treatment guidelines. All NanoXray products are compatible with these guidelines and do not require changes of surgery and radiotherapy procedures. Moreover, NanoXray products can be used with any existing standard radiation equipment available in almost every hospital world-wide.
 Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé
 Clinical trial, registration number RCB 2011-A00342-39